What are the different types of Terpenes?
Different Types of Terpenes
As we mentioned before, terpenes are an essential component of cannabis, responsible for the unique effects and aromas present in different strains. There are over 100 terpenes in a single cannabis flower, with some present in most strains and others less common. We’ve listed some of the most well-known terpenes and their effects below.
The most abundant terpene in cannabis, myrcene has been shown to comprise up to 65-percent of the terpene profile in certain strains. It’s found in abundance in mangoes, hops, lemongrass, and basil. This terpene is known for its analgesic properties, as well as anti-inflammatory and sedative effects. Strains high in myrcene are often recommended when cancer patients use medical marijuana, as myrcene’s anti-inflammatory effects and pain-relieving qualities are powerful.
A lot of strains are high in myrcene, so finding something with these properties will not be difficult. For starters, White Widow is a great strain with a high myrcene count.
Linalool is found in lots of spices and flowers, most commonly present in lavender, mint, and coriander. It has a soft, floral scent and contributes to the classic, recognizable aroma of marijuana. Linalool has been used therapeutically for thousands of years in different forms for its stress relieving and anti-inflammatory properties. It can also be used as a sedative and is well-loved for its anti-anxiety effects. Its therapeutic uses don’t stop there, as linalool is also an anti-convulsant that can alleviate nausea.
Grand Daddy Purple is a common strain with high occurrences of linalool.
This terpene is the second most commonly found in cannabis, though not every strain has limonene. You’ll know your strain is high in limonene if you pick up a strong citrusy fragrance. Limonene is used in cleaning products for its strong scent and found in large quantities in all citrus fruits. Limonene has been used medically for a long time, and its benefits can be utilized in cannabis for enhancing mood, relieving stress, and providing anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties.
For strains high in limonene, look for citrusy titles and scents, like Sour Lemon OG.
Even if you’re new to the world of weed, you’ve probably spent some time with alpha-humulene. This terpene is found in large quantities in hops and especially strong in IPAs. It has an earthy, woody scent and is also found in cloves and basil. Alpha-humulene is known for its ability to suppress hunger, a feature not often associated with cannabis. This terpene is also known for its anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
Jack Herer is a strain with lots of alpha-humulene present.
As the name suggests, alpha-pinene is the terpene responsible for the beloved smell of pine trees. Alpha-pinene is also found in abundance in rosemary. The terpene acts as an insecticide, keeping plants safe from other parasites. It’s also known to be a bronchodilator, meaning it helps open airways in the lungs. Strains high in this terpene can have positive effects on those with asthma. Alpha-pinene is also known to combat memory loss associated with THC consumption.
Gorilla Glue is a strain high in alpha-pinene.